The purpose of this subject is to give the student a knowledge of the principles of Radar Navigation Aids in technical terms, e.g. how they work, and what benefits/services they provide to aircraft and ATS providers.

The topics presented cover the principles of radio, frequency bands and their characteristics, point source Navaids, the non-directional beacon (NDB) and the aircraft’s automatic direction finder (ADF), the VHF omni-directional range (VOR) and its distance measuring equipment (DME), the instrument landing system (ILS) and the principles of radar (RDR).

The objective of this course is to give the student a knowledge of Radio Navigation Aids and the ability, where applicable, to apply it in an ATS environment

Appraoach Control Procedures is a material for training student able to handling aircraft on the control zone, understanding about Separation and Clearance based on ICAO Standart.

This digest focuses on human factor issues pertaining to ATC with the aim of articulating mainly to the ATC fraternity and to the larger aviation community the way forward for human factors vis-a-vis automation in ATC; Human Factors within Systems are introduced, whilst demonstrating how ATC performance and safety could be compromised due to inherent limitations in humans.

Acts of unlawful interference.

1. At the end of this module, participants will be able to explain the strengths and weaknesses of traditional methods to manage safety, and describe new perspectives and methods for managing safety.
2. At the end of this module, participants will be able to explain the need for, the strategies and the key features of safety management.
3. At the end of this module, participants will be able to apply the fundamentals of hazard identification and analysis through a case study.
4. At the end of this module, participants will be able to apply the fundamentals of risk management through a case study.