This digest focuses on human factor issues pertaining to ATC with the aim of articulating mainly to the ATC fraternity and to the larger aviation community the way forward for human factors vis-a-vis automation in ATC; Human Factors within Systems are introduced, whilst demonstrating how ATC performance and safety could be compromised due to inherent limitations in humans.

Acts of unlawful interference.

1. At the end of this module, participants will be able to explain the strengths and weaknesses of traditional methods to manage safety, and describe new perspectives and methods for managing safety.
2. At the end of this module, participants will be able to explain the need for, the strategies and the key features of safety management.
3. At the end of this module, participants will be able to apply the fundamentals of hazard identification and analysis through a case study.
4. At the end of this module, participants will be able to apply the fundamentals of risk management through a case study.